Minority ethnic families in the UK earn thousands of pounds a year less on average than white British families, a new report claims.
Analysis from the Resolution Foundation shows that the typical Bangladeshi household earns £8,900 less than the white British median.
Pakistani households earn £8,700 less than white families and black African households £5,600 less, according to the research.
When housing costs are taken into account, the disposable income gap between white British households and Bangladeshi households increases to £9,800.
More than half (58%) of white British families own their own home compared to just one in four Bangladeshi, black and other white (mainly European) families.
Despite the sizable gap that remains, Bangladeshi households have experienced income growth three times faster than white British families between 2001-03 and 2014-16 (38% compared to 13%).
Employment rates among ethnic minorities have also increased substantially since 2001-03, but still lag behind both white men and women.
Pakistani and Bangladeshi women have seen employment rates increase by 10 and 18 percentage points over the past decade or so to partially close the gap on white women.
Employment rates for Pakistani, Bangladeshi and black man have also increased by 10, 17 and six percentage points respectively.
Adam Corlett, senior economic analyst at the Resolution Foundation, said: “Differences in living standards between ethnicities in Britain too often go ignored.
“This matters because income gaps between different minority ethnic groups and white British households are significant and persistent.
“However, we should be encouraged by the fact that there have been big improvements in some instances, such as the impressive employment gains seen among Black, Bangladeshi and Pakistani men and women.
“Thanks to this and other factors, since the turn of the millennium Bangladeshi and Pakistani households have actually seen the fastest income growth.”